If you’re new to CBD or you’re simply wanting to learn more about this plant-powered compound, it’s important to know the difference between broad-spectrum, full-spectrum, and isolate. Every CBD product on the market will fall into one of these three categories. Each features its own unique benefits. When cultivating a regular CBD regiment, it’s important to know which of these categories your goals will align with best.
What is CBD?
CBD –also known as cannabidiol– is a phytocannabinoid found in the hemp or Cannabis sativa plant. Another popular cannabinoid you’ve likely heard of is THC or tetrahydrocannabinol. Despite the amount of attention these two compounds receive, there are actually over 100 known cannabinoids.
There is still a lot of research to be done around the various benefits of phytocannabinoids. CBD in particular is garnering a lot of attention for its distinct ability to enhance relaxation and promote homeostasis. It is anecdotally hailed as a wonderful option to address anxiety, pain, depression, and many other conditions. But we’re still looking for more concrete evidence on these claims.
What Are the Different Types of CBD?
There are three different types of CBD: broad-spectrum, full-spectrum, and isolate.
Full-spectrum CBD contains a variety of components found in the cannabis plant including terpenes, flavonoids, and other phytocannabinoids. Essentially full-spectrum equals the full plant. It features up to 0.3% THC – not typically enough to carry any intoxicating effects. This is the national limit for CBD sales. Consumers can find CBD with higher THC levels in states where recreational and medical marijuana is legal.
Unlike full-spectrum, broad-spectrum does not contain THC. It does still contain all other components from the cannabis plant though. This type of CBD is made by running full-spectrum extract through a distillation process to remove the THC and leaves behind all terpenes, flavonoids, and other phytocannabinoids.
The last type of CBD available on the market is CBD isolate. It contains no other compounds found in the cannabis plant. CBD isolate is comprised of just the cannabinoid extract – no additive or additional plant compounds. But it should be noted that this type of CBD is the most processed and it has the lowest bioavailability.
Which is Best? Broad Spectrum, Full Spectrum, or Isolate?
Each individual will have a different answer to which type of CBD is best. It really depends on what your goals are when beginning a CBD regimen. Let’s take a look at what the benefits of each variety are.
When combined, THC, CBD, terpenes, flavonoids, and additional phytocannabinoids can produce an effect called the entourage effect. This well-backed theory states that all of these plant compounds come together to bolster the benefits of one another. In 2011, a review found that phytocannabinoids and terpenes taken together could potentially aid in combating pain, inflammation, and anxiety.
Those looking to achieve the entourage effect will have the best shot at honing in on it by using full-spectrum CBD. Just be aware that there are trace amounts of THC in these products. While the risk of testing positive for marijuana on a drug test is slim, it is still possible.
Broad-spectrum CBD is the next best option for those who hope to achieve the entourage effect without the risk of testing positive for cannabis. While CBD is observed to be less effective without THC, that’s not to say broad-spectrum products won’t give you any of the entourage effect benefits at all. It still contains most of the other beneficial plant compounds that also play a role in the effect.
Those who want to avoid THC and any other extra plant compounds altogether will likely want to turn towards CBD isolate products. Isolate also gives individuals the opportunity to determine if CBD can effectively ease their symptoms without any other active compound involved. This can be a great option for first-time CBD users.
Find the Perfect Fit For You
Plenty Wellness is your source for safe, high-quality CBD products. Take our product recommendation quiz if you need further guidance on what the right option is for you! With a range of delivery methods and types of products available, you’re sure to find the perfect fit for you. Browse our selection today!